There are numerous types of home air conditioning systems, ranging from massive central systems powered by outdoor compressors to small plug-in units that stand on the floor or mount in a window. New air conditioning systems feature comparable operating components, including a refrigerant, a compressor, condenser coils, expansion valves, and evaporator coils, regardless of their design. All of these components work together to move heat and moisture from their home’s interior to the exterior.
What Makes Air Conditioners Work?
Understanding the underlying principles by which the four main types of house air conditioners operate makes it easier to grasp the distinctions between them. Air conditioners function by using the phase change principle, which states that as a liquid expands into a gas, it becomes cooler, but when a gas is compressed back to its liquid state, it becomes hotter. The liquid used in an air conditioner is a unique chemical that boils at a low temperature. The refrigerant cools the indoor evaporator coils as it passes through the expansion valve, and a fan blows the cool air past the coils into the room.
The process also allows these coils to absorb some of the heat from inside the room, and the vaporous refrigerant is compressed back into a liquid as it passes through the compressor and into the condenser coils. The heat of the now-liquid refrigerant is dissipated by a fan that blows over the condenser coils, which are positioned outside the home, as a result of the compression. Click here for detailed information https://climatecontrolexperts.com/air-conditioning/
This cycle continues indefinitely, freezing the indoor air before releasing the heat outside until the cycle is stopped by a thermostat when the indoor room temperature reaches the desired level. All air conditioners, from the simplest window air conditioners to the most complex central air conditioning systems, operate on the same basic concept, but they have a variety of additional components to help with the process.
A window air conditioner, also known as a unitary air conditioner, is a self-contained air conditioner that is installed in a window or, less typically, through a hole in an outside wall. All of the refrigeration components of a window air conditioner are contained in one small box.